Non Typical Outdoors Planting Instructions for small seed (clover, turnips, rape, radish, millet, alfalfa, and lespedeza)
The single biggest mistake people make when planting small seed is to planting too deep! As a general rule of thumb, seeds should be planted no deeper than twice the size of the seed. That would mean 1/32” deep for small seeds! The best way to plant small seed is to broadcast the seed over a firm seedbed and run a roller over it after planting to firmly press the seed in place. “Lightly Disking” small seed in is a very poor way to plant and a waste of seed. In fact, I would prefer broadcasting small seed on top of the ground and leaving it there to disking. That is why I plant cereal grains such as wheat or oats along with my small seed. Plant the cereal grains and disc them in lightly. Then broadcast the small seed over top or roll them in. Even if you have no roller, the cereal grains will protect the tiny seeds and “nurse” the small seeds as they are growing by providing protection from hot sun or overgrazing until established.
Non Typical Outdoors Planting Instructions for large seed (sorghums, beans, wheat, oats, and corn)